Did you know the fax was invented BEFORE the telephone?
Curious FACTS about FAX from
lThe fax machine was invented before the telephone was invented.
l The first facsimile (FAX) system was invented in 1842.
l Alexander Bain, a Scottish physicist and clockmaker, invented the fax.
lThe first rudimentary facsimile system consisted of swinging a pendulum over metallic type. Contact with the type caused an electric current to flow over wires to a distant swinging pendulum synchronized with the first. Chemically treated paper was positioned under the pendulum, and produced a brown image when the current passed from the pendulum to the paper.
lThe first fax system was too costly and complicated to gain any widespread popularity, especially after the emergence of the telegraph.
lIn 1870, revolving drums and special scanning techniques added to the earlier fax system revived interest in fax development.
lThe first photograph was transmitted via fax in 1904 by American inventor, Arthur Korn.
lBy 1910 newspapers in Berlin, London and Paris were exchanging photographs via fax by utilizing radio waves.
lAT&T established the first fax cable system between New York and London in 1924.
lIt took 6 minutes to send a single page via fax in 1924. (Group I fax machines)
lIt took 3 minutes to send a page via fax in 1974. (Group II fax machines)
lIt took 1 minute to send a page via fax in 1980. (Group III fax machines)
l A page can be sent via fax today in 1.7 seconds (Group III fax machine at 33.6Kbps)
l Magnavox manufactured and Xerox marketed the first commercial fax machine in 1966.
lNo fax machines are manufactured in the United States today. Most are manufactured in Japan, Korea and China. .
lFax machines could not be connected to public telephone lines until 1968, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled they could be.
lThere were only about 30,000 fax machines in the United States in l970. Today there are over 18 million.
lA richly featured fax machine sold for as much as $20,000 in l982. Today, a fax machine with many more features and using plain paper sells for under $1,000.
lPlain paper fax machines use one of three different print mediums--ink, film or toner. Which is best for a particular business depends on volume and content of incoming faxes.
l Small telephones with fax capability are on the market today. The fax industry predicts every home will have one soon.
l The fax machine has evolved into a multifunction machine connected to the computer network in most offices today. It can copy, print, and scan as well as fax.