you know the fax was invented BEFORE the telephone?
FACTS about FAX from
The fax machine was invented before
the telephone was invented.
The first facsimile (FAX) system was invented in 1842.
Alexander Bain, a Scottish physicist and
clockmaker, invented the fax.
The first rudimentary facsimile system
consisted of swinging a pendulum over metallic type. Contact with the type
caused an electric current to flow over wires to a distant swinging pendulum
synchronized with the first. Chemically treated paper was positioned under the
pendulum, and produced a brown image when the current passed from the pendulum
to the paper.
The first fax system was too costly
and complicated to gain any widespread popularity, especially after the
emergence of the telegraph.
In 1870, revolving drums and special
scanning techniques added to the earlier fax system revived interest in fax
The first photograph was transmitted
via fax in 1904 by American inventor, Arthur Korn.
By 1910 newspapers in Berlin, London
and Paris were exchanging photographs via fax by utilizing radio waves.
AT&T established the first fax
cable system between New York and London in 1924.
It took 6 minutes to send a single
page via fax in 1924. (Group I fax machines)
It took 3 minutes to send a page via
fax in 1974. (Group II fax machines)
took 1 minute to send a page via fax in 1980. (Group III fax machines)
page can be sent via fax today in 1.7 seconds (Group III fax machine
Magnavox manufactured and Xerox marketed the
first commercial fax machine in 1966.
No fax machines are manufactured in
the United States today. Most are manufactured in Japan, Korea and China. .
Fax machines could not be connected to
public telephone lines until 1968, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled they could
There were only about 30,000 fax
machines in the United States in l970. Today there are over 18 million.
A richly featured fax machine sold for
as much as $20,000 in l982. Today, a fax machine with many more features and
using plain paper sells for under $1,000.
Plain paper fax machines use one of
three different print mediums--ink, film or toner. Which is best for a
particular business depends on volume and content of incoming faxes.
Small telephones with fax capability are on
the market today. The fax industry predicts every home will have one soon.
The fax machine has evolved into a multifunction
machine connected to the computer network in most offices today. It can
copy, print, and scan as well as fax.